Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät


Research Areas of the Cisalpino Insititute for Comparative Studies in Europe

Globalization and Regionalization are antecedents within the ongoing process of the increasing interrelation of markets, politics, institutions and society. Globalization leads to multilevel systems of interaction, whose actors are International organizations, the European Union, National and Regional governments. The role of non state and private actors is also noteworthy. While multinational enterprises drive globalization, their strategy is toward regionalization and entrepreneurial firms, hiring most of their employees within their host country or host region, operating on a multinational level. Global competition, indeed, takes place mainly among top regional and sub-national systems, that are better able to intercept and foresee the needs and expectations and to aggregate the strengths of the respective territories.


The most advanced large scale economic and social systems are often based on a few smaller scale systems, which drive their competitiveness matching local and global interests. In this context, "the role of regional economies appears to be a key factor in responding to the world economic and financial crisis as well as in designing new rules for governance and cooperation among leading countries" (World Region Forum, 2011). There is indeed an ongoing and irreversible trend towards a concentration of political decisions at the top of the European Union, which reduces the leeway of national governments and politics. At the same time as nations lose more and more autonomy towards a European perspective, regions within countries obtain more and more importance and are more and more involved in the decision-making process. Regions are therefore more and more expected to play a major role as a link between local actors and the national and international communities: global competition is about regional competition.


The CCSE tries to cope with these developments and changes. To improve regional competitiveness and growth, decision-makers in politics, economics and administration should be aware of how and why regions differ in their institutional arrangements, performance and endowments. The guiding mission is to study the performance of markets and institutions in different countries and regions within Europe and their interrelation within the context of a global economy.


The CCSE applies a plurality of methodologies, with a clear focus on theory-based empirical research. It closely co-operates with diverse scientific disciplines to address new research questions. In this context the CCSE distinguishes itself in the analysis of internationally comparable questions in the European context. In this sense the CCSE is concerned in the creation of data bases as an essential basis for scientific research on comparative empirical studies. The CCSE favors cross-national comparison methodologies, which are particularly advantageous in uncovering the unique features and unconscious assumptions that possess our vision when we study only a single country (Clark and Burton, 1983). The comparative approach is the distinctive characteristic of the CCSE, with a prospective open to various competences and fields of study. The shared view is that sustainable development encompass both economic, socio-cultural and environmental dimensions.